はしくれエンジニアもどきのメモ

情報・Web系技術・Englishの勉強メモ・備忘録です。

速読英単語改訂第4版「06.外国語の重要性」メモ (the memo of "06.values of learning foreign languages" in "SOKUDOKU English word revised 4th edition" )

速読英単語改訂第4版「06.外国語の重要性」メモ (the memo of "06.values of learning foreign languages" in "SOKUDOKU English word revised 4th edition" )

速読英単語改訂第4版「06.外国語の重要性」の気になった英文・単語のメモ.(this article is a note of English sentense and word which I note in chapter 06.the value of learning foreign languages" in "SOKUDOKU English word revised 4th edition".)

速読英単語1必修編[改訂第6版]

速読英単語1必修編[改訂第6版]

 

06.外国語の重要性

Learning another language enables you to communicate with people and to learn more about their culture. [音声]

ほかの言語の学習を学ぶことにより, あなたは,人とのコミュニケーションができるようになり, また,その人たちの文化をもっと学ぶことができるようになる.

enable
語法:無生物主語構文を作る
V. できるようにする,を可能にする to make it possible for someone to do something, or for something to happen

ex. Flying enables us to go to Tokyo in a day.(飛行機で東京へ1日で行くことができる.)

<=派 adj.able
可能な <=>OPP [unable](http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/unable) not able to do something → inability
=>派disabled
adj. 身体障害のある 1 someone who is disabled cannot use a part of their body properly, or cannot learn easily → handicapped
n. [the disabled](http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/the-disabled) 身体障碍者
communicate
語法:他動詞の目的語は情報の内容
V. 情報を交換する 1 EXCHANGE INFORMATION [intransitive, transitive] to exchange information or conversation with other people, using words, signs, writing etc
V. 意思を伝える,意図を通わせる 2 TELL PEOPLE SOMETHING [intransitive, transitive] to express your thoughts and feelings clearly, so that other people understand them → convey
V. 理解しあう 3 UNDERSTAND [intransitive] if two people communicate, they are able to talk about and understand each other’s feelings or desires
=>派 n. communication
n. 1 [uncountable] the process by which people exchange information or express their thoughts and feelings
culture
n. 文化 1 IN A SOCIETY [countable, uncountable] the beliefs, way of life, art, and customs that are shared and accepted by people in a particular society
n. グループの文化 2 IN A GROUP [countable, uncountable] the attitudes and beliefs about something that are shared by a particular group of people or in a particular organization

ex. corporate culture 社風,企業体質

n. 教養 3 ART/MUSIC/LITERATURE [uncountable] activities that are related to art, music, literature etc
n. 栽培 6 CROPS [uncountable] technical the practice of growing crops SYN cultivation
=>派 adj. cultural
adj. 文化的な 1 belonging or relating to a particular society and its way of life → multicultural
adj. 教養の 2 relating to art, literature, music etc
=>派 adj. cultured
教養のある,洗練された intelligent, polite, and interested in art, literature, music etc SYN cultivated
learning another language makes you realize the relativity of your own values. [音声]

ほかの言語を学ぶことにより,あなたは,自身の価値観の相対性(価値観が相対的なもの)とわかるようになる.

realize
V. をわかる,を理解する1 UNDERSTAND to know and understand something, or suddenly begin to understand it
V. を実現する 2 ACHIEVE formal to achieve something that you were hoping to achieve
=>派 n.realization
n. 理解 1 when you understand something that you had not understood before
n. 実現 2 formal when you achieve something that you had planned or hoped for SYN achievement
bubble
n. 泡
夢のような計画を砕く [burst/prick somebody’s bubble](http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/burst-prick-somebody-s-bubble) to make someone suddenly realize that something is not as good as they thought it was
relative
adj. 相対的な 1 having a particular quality when compared with something else
adj. 関係ある relative to something formal connected with a particular subject
n. 親戚 a member of your family SYN relation
<=>OPPabsolute
adj. 完全な 1 complete or total
adj. 絶対的な 5 true, correct, and not changing in any situation

ex. absolute right 絶対的な権利

value
n.(お金の)価値 1 MONEY [countable, uncountable] the amount of money that something is worth
n. 重要性 3 IMPORTANCE/USEFULNESS [uncountable] the importance or usefulness of something
n.[plural 複] 価値観 your ideas about what is right and wrong, or what is important in life

ex. traditional values 伝統的価値観

=>派 adj.valuable
adj. 貴重な,高価な 1 worth a lot of money OPP worthless
=>派 V.evaluate
V. を評価する to judge how good, useful, or successful something is SYN assess
=>派 n.evaluation
n. 評価 a judgment about how good, useful, or successful something is SYN assessment
You realize that other ways of looking at reality and that there are other value systems in the world. [音声]

あなたは,わかる, 現実を見る他の方法と,世界には他の価値観があるということを.

value system
n. 価値観
that realize there are other value systems in the world makes your experience of life interesting. [音声]

世界には他の価値観があることをわかることにより, あなたの人生経験は,興味深いものになる.

experience
n. 経験 1 KNOWLEDGE/SKILL [uncountable] knowledge or skill that you gain from doing a job or activity, or the process of doing this
n. (人生)経験 2 KNOWLEDGE OF LIFE [uncountable] knowledge that you gain about life and the world by being in different situations and meeting different people, or the process of gaining this
V. (困難を)経験する 1 if you experience a problem, event, or situation, it happens to you or affects you
≒SYNundergo
V. if you undergo a change, an unpleasant experience etc, it happens to you or is done to you
=>派 adj.experienced
adj. 経験のある,老練な possessing skills or knowledge because you have done something often or for a long time OPP inexperienced
As you learn a new language, you discover more about your own language. [音声]

あなたは新しい言語を学ぶいくにつれて, あなたは,自身の言語について多くを発見する.

discover
V. (誰か,もの)を発見する 1 to find someone or something, either by accident or because you were looking for them
V.(以前知らなかった情報)を発見する 2 to find out something that you did not know about before
V. 気づく 4 to notice or try something for the first time and start to enjoy it
=>派 ndiscovery
n. 発見物 1 [countable] a fact or thing that someone finds out about, when it was not known about before
n. 発見 2 [uncountable] when someone discovers something
≒SYNfinding
n. 発見物 1 [usually plural] the information that someone has discovered as a result of their study, work etc
Speaking only one language is like living in a room with no windows. [音声]

1つの言語だけを話すことは,窓がない部屋に住むようなものである.

a room with no windows is safe, but it is dark and closed. [音声]

窓のない部屋は安全だが,暗く,閉ざされている.

safe
adj. 安全な 1 NOT IN DANGER [not before noun] not in danger of being harmed, lost, or stolen OPP unsafe → safety
adj. 信頼できる 4 NO RISK not involving any risk and very likely to be successful
=>派 adv. safely
adv. 安全に in a way that is safe
=>派 n. safety
n. 安全 1 NOT IN DANGER [uncountable] when someone or something is safe from danger or harm
dark
adj. 暗い 1 NO LIGHT if it is dark, there is little or no light OPP light
in the dark 暗闇で
before/after dark 日没前(後)に
=>派 n.darkness
n. 暗黒,暗闇 1 when there is no light
foreign languages bring new light into the room. [音声]

外国語は,部屋に新しい光をもたらす

bring new light into A
Aに新しい光をもたらす
With an elementary knowledge, you can see the world differently. [音声]

初歩的な知識があれば, あなたは世界をを違った見方でみることができる.

elementary
adj. 簡単な,基礎の 1 simple or basic
adj. 初歩の 2 [only before noun] concerning the first and easiest part of a subject
≒SYNfundamental
relating to the most basic and important parts of something
=>派 n.element
n. 要素,基礎 1 PART one part or feature of a whole system, plan, piece of work etc, especially one that is basic or important
n. 元素 3 CHEMISTRY a simple chemical substance such as carbon or oxygen that consists of atoms of only one kind → compound
自然の力 8 EARTH/AIR/FIRE/WATER one of the four substances (earth, air, fire, and water) from which people used to believe that everything was made
see A differently
Aを違った見方で見る
When you explore the world with a new language, you discover the magnificence that is in the world. [音声]

あなたが世界を新しい言語を身に着けて探索するとき, あなたは,世界にある雄大さを発見する.

magnificent
adj. 雄大な very good or beautiful, and very impressive
<=派 magnificence
n. 雄大さ
The discoveries you will make add wisdom to your life. [音声]

あなたがするであろう発見は,知恵をあなたの人生に追加する(付け加える).

add
V. 付け加える 1 PUT WITH SOMETHING ELSE [transitive] to put something with something else or with a group of other things
V. 付け足す 4 SAY MORE [transitive] to say more about something that has just been said
=>派 n. addition
n. 追加 2 [uncountable] the act of adding something to something else
n. 足し算 4 [uncountable] the process of adding numbers or amounts to make a total→ subtraction
=>派 adj.additional
追加の more than what was agreed or expected SYN extra
≒SYNextra
1 [only before noun] more of something, in addition to the usual or standard amount or number
you can see that language studies can be the beginning of wonderful adventures. [音声]

あなたは,こうわかるであろう, 言語学習は,すばらしい冒険の始まりに違いないと.

adventure
n. 冒険 1 an exciting experience in which dangerous or unusual things happen
venture
n. 冒険的事業 a new business activity that involves taking risks

速読英単語改訂第4版「06.外国語の重要性」メモ (the memo of "06.values of learning foreign languages" in "SOKUDOKU English word revised 4th edition" )

速読英単語改訂第4版「06.外国語の重要性」の気になった英文・単語のメモ.(this article is a note of English sentense and word which I note in chapter 06.the value of learning foreign languages" in "SOKUDOKU English word revised 4th edition".)

速読英単語1必修編[改訂第6版]

速読英単語1必修編[改訂第6版]

 

06.外国語の重要性

Learning another language enables you to communicate with people and to learn more about their culture. [音声]

ほかの言語の学習を学ぶことにより, あなたは,人とのコミュニケーションができるようになり, また,その人たちの文化をもっと学ぶことができるようになる.

enable
語法:無生物主語構文を作る
V. できるようにする,を可能にする to make it possible for someone to do something, or for something to happen

ex. Flying enables us to go to Tokyo in a day.(飛行機で東京へ1日で行くことができる.)

<=派 adj.able
可能な <=>OPP [unable](http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/unable) not able to do something → inability
=>派disabled
adj. 身体障害のある 1 someone who is disabled cannot use a part of their body properly, or cannot learn easily → handicapped
n. [the disabled](http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/the-disabled) 身体障碍者
communicate
語法:他動詞の目的語は情報の内容
V. 情報を交換する 1 EXCHANGE INFORMATION [intransitive, transitive] to exchange information or conversation with other people, using words, signs, writing etc
V. 意思を伝える,意図を通わせる 2 TELL PEOPLE SOMETHING [intransitive, transitive] to express your thoughts and feelings clearly, so that other people understand them → convey
V. 理解しあう 3 UNDERSTAND [intransitive] if two people communicate, they are able to talk about and understand each other’s feelings or desires
=>派 n. communication
n. 1 [uncountable] the process by which people exchange information or express their thoughts and feelings
culture
n. 文化 1 IN A SOCIETY [countable, uncountable] the beliefs, way of life, art, and customs that are shared and accepted by people in a particular society
n. グループの文化 2 IN A GROUP [countable, uncountable] the attitudes and beliefs about something that are shared by a particular group of people or in a particular organization

ex. corporate culture 社風,企業体質

n. 教養 3 ART/MUSIC/LITERATURE [uncountable] activities that are related to art, music, literature etc
n. 栽培 6 CROPS [uncountable] technical the practice of growing crops SYN cultivation
=>派 adj. cultural
adj. 文化的な 1 belonging or relating to a particular society and its way of life → multicultural
adj. 教養の 2 relating to art, literature, music etc
=>派 adj. cultured
教養のある,洗練された intelligent, polite, and interested in art, literature, music etc SYN cultivated
learning another language makes you realize the relativity of your own values. [音声]

ほかの言語を学ぶことにより,あなたは,自身の価値観の相対性(価値観が相対的なもの)とわかるようになる.

realize
V. をわかる,を理解する1 UNDERSTAND to know and understand something, or suddenly begin to understand it
V. を実現する 2 ACHIEVE formal to achieve something that you were hoping to achieve
=>派 n.realization
n. 理解 1 when you understand something that you had not understood before
n. 実現 2 formal when you achieve something that you had planned or hoped for SYN achievement
bubble
n. 泡
夢のような計画を砕く [burst/prick somebody’s bubble](http://www.ldoceonline.com/dictionary/burst-prick-somebody-s-bubble) to make someone suddenly realize that something is not as good as they thought it was
relative
adj. 相対的な 1 having a particular quality when compared with something else
adj. 関係ある relative to something formal connected with a particular subject
n. 親戚 a member of your family SYN relation
<=>OPPabsolute
adj. 完全な 1 complete or total
adj. 絶対的な 5 true, correct, and not changing in any situation

ex. absolute right 絶対的な権利

value
n.(お金の)価値 1 MONEY [countable, uncountable] the amount of money that something is worth
n. 重要性 3 IMPORTANCE/USEFULNESS [uncountable] the importance or usefulness of something
n.[plural 複] 価値観 your ideas about what is right and wrong, or what is important in life

ex. traditional values 伝統的価値観

=>派 adj.valuable
adj. 貴重な,高価な 1 worth a lot of money OPP worthless
=>派 V.evaluate
V. を評価する to judge how good, useful, or successful something is SYN assess
=>派 n.evaluation
n. 評価 a judgment about how good, useful, or successful something is SYN assessment
You realize that other ways of looking at reality and that there are other value systems in the world. [音声]

あなたは,わかる, 現実を見る他の方法と,世界には他の価値観があるということを.

value system
n. 価値観
that realize there are other value systems in the world makes your experience of life interesting. [音声]

世界には他の価値観があることをわかることにより, あなたの人生経験は,興味深いものになる.

experience
n. 経験 1 KNOWLEDGE/SKILL [uncountable] knowledge or skill that you gain from doing a job or activity, or the process of doing this
n. (人生)経験 2 KNOWLEDGE OF LIFE [uncountable] knowledge that you gain about life and the world by being in different situations and meeting different people, or the process of gaining this
V. (困難を)経験する 1 if you experience a problem, event, or situation, it happens to you or affects you
≒SYNundergo
V. if you undergo a change, an unpleasant experience etc, it happens to you or is done to you
=>派 adj.experienced
adj. 経験のある,老練な possessing skills or knowledge because you have done something often or for a long time OPP inexperienced
As you learn a new language, you discover more about your own language. [音声]

あなたは新しい言語を学ぶいくにつれて, あなたは,自身の言語について多くを発見する.

discover
V. (誰か,もの)を発見する 1 to find someone or something, either by accident or because you were looking for them
V.(以前知らなかった情報)を発見する 2 to find out something that you did not know about before
V. 気づく 4 to notice or try something for the first time and start to enjoy it
=>派 ndiscovery
n. 発見物 1 [countable] a fact or thing that someone finds out about, when it was not known about before
n. 発見 2 [uncountable] when someone discovers something
≒SYNfinding
n. 発見物 1 [usually plural] the information that someone has discovered as a result of their study, work etc
Speaking only one language is like living in a room with no windows. [音声]

1つの言語だけを話すことは,窓がない部屋に住むようなものである.

a room with no windows is safe, but it is dark and closed. [音声]

窓のない部屋は安全だが,暗く,閉ざされている.

safe
adj. 安全な 1 NOT IN DANGER [not before noun] not in danger of being harmed, lost, or stolen OPP unsafe → safety
adj. 信頼できる 4 NO RISK not involving any risk and very likely to be successful
=>派 adv. safely
adv. 安全に in a way that is safe
=>派 n. safety
n. 安全 1 NOT IN DANGER [uncountable] when someone or something is safe from danger or harm
dark
adj. 暗い 1 NO LIGHT if it is dark, there is little or no light OPP light
in the dark 暗闇で
before/after dark 日没前(後)に
=>派 n.darkness
n. 暗黒,暗闇 1 when there is no light
foreign languages bring new light into the room. [音声]

外国語は,部屋に新しい光をもたらす

bring new light into A
Aに新しい光をもたらす
With an elementary knowledge, you can see the world differently. [音声]

初歩的な知識があれば, あなたは世界をを違った見方でみることができる.

elementary
adj. 簡単な,基礎の 1 simple or basic
adj. 初歩の 2 [only before noun] concerning the first and easiest part of a subject
≒SYNfundamental
relating to the most basic and important parts of something
=>派 n.element
n. 要素,基礎 1 PART one part or feature of a whole system, plan, piece of work etc, especially one that is basic or important
n. 元素 3 CHEMISTRY a simple chemical substance such as carbon or oxygen that consists of atoms of only one kind → compound
自然の力 8 EARTH/AIR/FIRE/WATER one of the four substances (earth, air, fire, and water) from which people used to believe that everything was made
see A differently
Aを違った見方で見る
When you explore the world with a new language, you discover the magnificence that is in the world. [音声]

あなたが世界を新しい言語を身に着けて探索するとき, あなたは,世界にある雄大さを発見する.

magnificent
adj. 雄大な very good or beautiful, and very impressive
<=派 magnificence
n. 雄大さ
The discoveries you will make add wisdom to your life. [音声]

あなたがするであろう発見は,知恵をあなたの人生に追加する(付け加える).

add
V. 付け加える 1 PUT WITH SOMETHING ELSE [transitive] to put something with something else or with a group of other things
V. 付け足す 4 SAY MORE [transitive] to say more about something that has just been said
=>派 n. addition
n. 追加 2 [uncountable] the act of adding something to something else
n. 足し算 4 [uncountable] the process of adding numbers or amounts to make a total→ subtraction
=>派 adj.additional
追加の more than what was agreed or expected SYN extra
≒SYNextra
1 [only before noun] more of something, in addition to the usual or standard amount or number
you can see that language studies can be the beginning of wonderful adventures. [音声]

あなたは,こうわかるであろう, 言語学習は,すばらしい冒険の始まりに違いないと.

adventure
n. 冒険 1 an exciting experience in which dangerous or unusual things happen
venture
n. 冒険的事業 a new business activity that involves taking risks

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